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Installing on RPM-based Linux (CentOS, Fedora, OpenSuse, RedHat)

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Stable for CentOS / Fedora / OpenSuse / Redhat Linux 4.1.2 (x86-64 rpm)

Install Stable

You can install Grafana using Yum directly.

$ sudo yum install https://grafanarel.s3.amazonaws.com/builds/grafana-4.1.2-1486989747.x86_64.rpm

Or install manually using rpm.

On CentOS / Fedora / Redhat:

$ sudo yum install initscripts fontconfig
$ sudo rpm -Uvh grafana-4.1.2-1486989747.x86_64.rpm

On OpenSuse:

$ sudo rpm -i --nodeps grafana-4.1.2-1486989747.x86_64.rpm

Install via YUM Repository

Add the following to a new file at /etc/yum.repos.d/grafana.repo

[grafana]
name=grafana
baseurl=https://packagecloud.io/grafana/stable/el/6/$basearch
repo_gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://packagecloud.io/gpg.key https://grafanarel.s3.amazonaws.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-grafana
sslverify=1
sslcacert=/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt

There is also a testing repository if you want beta or release candidates.

baseurl=https://packagecloud.io/grafana/testing/el/6/$basearch

Then install Grafana via the yum command.

$ sudo yum install grafana

RPM GPG Key

The RPMs are signed, you can verify the signature with this public GPG key.

Package details

  • Installs binary to /usr/sbin/grafana-server
  • Copies init.d script to /etc/init.d/grafana-server
  • Installs default file (environment vars) to /etc/sysconfig/grafana-server
  • Copies configuration file to /etc/grafana/grafana.ini
  • Installs systemd service (if systemd is available) name grafana-server.service
  • The default configuration uses a log file at /var/log/grafana/grafana.log
  • The default configuration specifies an sqlite3 database at /var/lib/grafana/grafana.db

Start the server (init.d service)

You can start Grafana by running:

$ sudo service grafana-server start

This will start the grafana-server process as the grafana user, which is created during package installation. The default HTTP port is 3000, and default user and group is admin.

To configure the Grafana server to start at boot time:

$ sudo /sbin/chkconfig --add grafana-server

Start the server (via systemd)

$ systemctl daemon-reload
$ systemctl start grafana-server
$ systemctl status grafana-server

Enable the systemd service to start at boot

sudo systemctl enable grafana-server.service

Environment file

The systemd service file and init.d script both use the file located at /etc/sysconfig/grafana-server for environment variables used when starting the back-end. Here you can override log directory, data directory and other variables.

Logging

By default Grafana will log to /var/log/grafana

Database

The default configuration specifies a sqlite3 database located at /var/lib/grafana/grafana.db. Please backup this database before upgrades. You can also use MySQL or Postgres as the Grafana database, as detailed on the configuration page.

Configuration

The configuration file is located at /etc/grafana/grafana.ini. Go the Configuration page for details on all those options.

Adding data sources

Server side image rendering

Server side image (png) rendering is a feature that is optional but very useful when sharing visualizations, for example in alert notifications.

If the image is missing text make sure you have font packages installed.

yum install fontconfig
yum install freetype*
yum install urw-fonts

Installing from binary tar file

Download the latest .tar.gz file and extract it. This will extract into a folder named after the version you downloaded. This folder contains all files required to run Grafana. There are no init scripts or install scripts in this package.

To configure Grafana add a configuration file named custom.ini to the conf folder and override any of the settings defined in conf/defaults.ini.

Start Grafana by executing ./bin/grafana-server web. The grafana-server binary needs the working directory to be the root install directory (where the binary and the public folder is located).