Articles
On this page

Dashboard JSON

A dashboard in Grafana is represented by a JSON object, which stores metadata of its dashboard. Dashboard metadata includes dashboard properties, metadata from rows, panels, template variables, panel queries, etc.

To view the JSON of a dashboard, follow the steps mentioned below:

  1. Go to a dashboard
  2. Click on Manage dashboard menu on the top navigation bar
  3. Select View JSON from the dropdown menu

JSON fields

When a user creates a new dashboard, a new dashboard JSON object is initialized with the following fields:

Note: In the following JSON, id is shown as null which is the default value assigned to it until a dashboard is saved. Once a dashboard is saved, an integer value is assigned to the id field.

{
  "id": null,
  "title": "New dashboard",
  "tags": [],
  "style": "dark",
  "timezone": "browser",
  "editable": true,
  "hideControls": false,
  "graphTooltip": 1,
  "rows": [],
  "time": {
    "from": "now-6h",
    "to": "now"
  },
  "timepicker": {
    "time_options": [],
    "refresh_intervals": []
  },
  "templating": {
    "list": []
  },
  "annotations": {
    "list": []
  },
  "schemaVersion": 7,
  "version": 0,
  "links": []
}

Each field in the dashboard JSON is explained below with its usage:

Name Usage
id unique dashboard id, an integer
title current title of dashboard
tags tags associated with dashboard, an array of strings
style theme of dashboard, i.e. dark or light
timezone timezone of dashboard, i.e. utc or browser
editable whether a dashboard is editable or not
hideControls whether row controls on the left in green are hidden or not
graphTooltip TODO
rows row metadata, see rows section for details
time time range for dashboard, i.e. last 6 hours, last 7 days, etc
timepicker timepicker metadata, see timepicker section for details
templating templating metadata, see templating section for details
annotations annotations metadata, see annotations section for details
schemaVersion TODO
version TODO
links TODO

rows

rows field consists of an array of JSON object representing each row in a dashboard, such as shown below:

 "rows": [
    {
      "collapse": false,
      "editable": true,
      "height": "200px",
      "panels": [],
      "title": "New row"
    },
    {
      "collapse": true,
      "editable": true,
      "height": "300px",
      "panels": [],
      "title": "New row"
    }
  ]

Usage of the fields is explained below:

Name Usage
collapse whether row is collapsed or not
editable whether a row is editable or not
height height of the row in pixels
panels panels metadata, see panels section for details
title title of row

panels

Panels are the building blocks a dashboard. It consists of datasource queries, type of graphs, aliases, etc. Panel JSON consists of an array of JSON objects, each representing a different panel in a row. Most of the fields are common for all panels but some fields depends on the panel type. Following is an example of panel JSON representing a graph panel type:

"panels": [
        {
          "aliasColors": {},
          "bars": false,
          "datasource": null,
          "editable": true,
          "error": false,
          "fill": 0,
          "grid": {
            "leftLogBase": 1,
            "leftMax": null,
            "leftMin": null,
            "rightLogBase": 1,
            "rightMax": null,
            "rightMin": null,
            "threshold1": null,
            "threshold1Color": "rgba(216, 200, 27, 0.27)",
            "threshold2": null,
            "threshold2Color": "rgba(234, 112, 112, 0.22)"
          },
          "id": 1,
          "legend": {
            "avg": false,
            "current": false,
            "max": false,
            "min": false,
            "show": true,
            "total": false,
            "values": false
          },
          "lines": true,
          "linewidth": 1,
          "links": [],
          "nullPointMode": "connected",
          "percentage": false,
          "pointradius": 5,
          "points": false,
          "renderer": "flot",
          "seriesOverrides": [],
          "span": 4,
          "stack": false,
          "steppedLine": false,
          "targets": [
            {
              "aggregator": "max",
              "alias": "$tag_instance_id",
              "currentTagKey": "",
              "currentTagValue": "",
              "downsampleAggregator": "avg",
              "downsampleInterval": "",
              "errors": {},
              "metric": "memory.percent-used",
              "refId": "A",
              "shouldComputeRate": false,
              "tags": {
                "app": "$app",
                "env": "stage",
                "instance_id": "*"
              }
            }
          ],
          "timeFrom": null,
          "timeShift": null,
          "title": "Memory Utilization",
          "tooltip": {
            "shared": true,
            "value_type": "cumulative"
          },
          "type": "graph",
          "x-axis": true,
          "y-axis": true,
          "y_formats": [
            "percent",
            "short"
          ]
        },
        {
          "aliasColors": {},
          "bars": false,
          "datasource": null,
          "editable": true,
          "error": false,
          "fill": 0,
          "grid": {
            "leftLogBase": 1,
            "leftMax": null,
            "leftMin": null,
            "rightLogBase": 1,
            "rightMax": null,
            "rightMin": null,
            "threshold1": null,
            "threshold1Color": "rgba(216, 200, 27, 0.27)",
            "threshold2": null,
            "threshold2Color": "rgba(234, 112, 112, 0.22)"
          },
          "id": 2,
          "legend": {
            "avg": false,
            "current": false,
            "max": false,
            "min": false,
            "show": true,
            "total": false,
            "values": false
          },
          "lines": true,
          "linewidth": 1,
          "links": [],
          "nullPointMode": "connected",
          "percentage": false,
          "pointradius": 5,
          "points": false,
          "renderer": "flot",
          "seriesOverrides": [],
          "span": 4,
          "stack": false,
          "steppedLine": false,
          "targets": [
            {
              "aggregator": "avg",
              "alias": "$tag_instance_id",
              "currentTagKey": "",
              "currentTagValue": "",
              "downsampleAggregator": "avg",
              "downsampleInterval": "",
              "errors": {},
              "metric": "memory.percent-cached",
              "refId": "A",
              "shouldComputeRate": false,
              "tags": {
                "app": "$app",
                "env": "prod",
                "instance_id": "*"
              }
            }
          ],
          "timeFrom": null,
          "timeShift": null,
          "title": "Memory Cached",
          "tooltip": {
            "shared": true,
            "value_type": "cumulative"
          },
          "type": "graph",
          "x-axis": true,
          "y-axis": true,
          "y_formats": [
            "short",
            "short"
          ]
        },

Usage of each field is explained below:

Name Usage
TODO TODO

timepicker

Description: TODO

"timepicker": {
    "collapse": false,
    "enable": true,
    "notice": false,
    "now": true,
    "refresh_intervals": [
      "5s",
      "10s",
      "30s",
      "1m",
      "5m",
      "15m",
      "30m",
      "1h",
      "2h",
      "1d"
    ],
    "status": "Stable",
    "time_options": [
      "5m",
      "15m",
      "1h",
      "3h",
      "6h",
      "12h",
      "24h",
      "2d",
      "3d",
      "4d",
      "7d",
      "30d"
    ],
    "type": "timepicker"
  }

Usage of the fields is explained below:

Name Usage
collapse whether timepicker is collapsed or not
enable whether timepicker is enabled or not
notice TODO
now TODO
refresh_intervals TODO
status TODO
time_options TODO
type TODO

templating

templating fields contains array of template variables with their saved values along with some other metadata, for example:

 "templating": {
    "enable": true,
    "list": [
      {
        "allFormat": "wildcard",
        "current": {
          "tags": [],
          "text": "prod",
          "value": "prod"
        },
        "datasource": null,
        "includeAll": true,
        "name": "env",
        "options": [
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "All",
            "value": "*"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "stage",
            "value": "stage"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "test",
            "value": "test"
          }
        ],
        "query": "tag_values(cpu.utilization.average,env)",
        "refresh": false,
        "refresh": false,
        "type": "query"
      },
      {
        "allFormat": "wildcard",
        "current": {
          "text": "apache",
          "value": "apache"
        },
        "datasource": null,
        "includeAll": false,
        "multi": false,
        "multiFormat": "glob",
        "name": "app",
        "options": [
          {
            "selected": true,
            "text": "tomcat",
            "value": "tomcat"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "cassandra",
            "value": "cassandra"
          }
        ],
        "query": "tag_values(cpu.utilization.average,app)",
        "refresh": false,
        "regex": "",
        "type": "query"
      }
    ]
  }

Usage of the above mentioned fields in the templating section is explained below:

Name Usage
enable whether templating is enabled or not
list an array of objects representing, each representing one template variable
allFormat format to use while fetching all values from datasource, eg: wildcard, glob, regex, pipe, etc.
current shows current selected variable text/value on the dashboard
datasource shows datasource for the variables
includeAll whether all value option is available or not
multi whether multiple values can be selected or not from variable value list
multiFormat format to use while fetching timeseries from datasource
name name of variable
options array of variable text/value pairs available for selection on dashboard
query datasource query used to fetch values for a variable
refresh TODO
regex TODO
type type of variable, i.e. custom, query or interval

annotations

TODO